Garcilaso de la VEGA
Histoire des guerres civiles des espagnols dans les Indes, suivi de Suite des guerres civiles des espagnols dans le Peru
Chez Simeon Piget, à Paris 1658, in-4 (17x23,5cm), (30p.) 631pp. (15p.) (17p.) 555pp. (20p.), 2 tomes reliés en un volume.
VEGA Garcilaso de la Histoire des guerres civiles des Espagnols dans les Indes, suivi de Suite des guerres civiles des Espagnols dans le Peru
Chez Simeon Piget, Paris 1658, in-4 (17 x 23,5 cm), (30 p.) 631 pp (15 p.) (17 p.) 555 pp (20 p.), 2 volumes bound in 1, contemporary vellum
Second French edition, bringing together these two texts by Garcilaso de la Vega, which first appeared in Spanish in 1650. Frontispiece title showing, in the foreground, the landing of Spanish troops in the Americas, and in the background the native population besieged in a burning town. In the lower portion, there is a banner with the inscription “Quid non mortalia pectora cogis auri sacra fames
[O sacred hunger of pernicious gold!? What bands of faith can impious lucre hold?]”, taken from Virgil's Aeneid
and translated by Molière as “Ô exécrable faim de l'or, jusques où ne forces-tu point de se porter le cœur des hommes”. With historiated initials and borders.
Contemporary vellum, spine with ink title to head, almost erased. One corner bumped, title skillfully repaired in inner margin, faint dampstain to lower margin of final gatherings.
Ex-libris of the Nordkirchen family laid down on front pastedown. Manuscript ex-libris to title with initials E. H. L.
The illegitimate child of a Conquistador and an Inca Princess, brought up in two different cultures, Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616) offers a unique look at Inca civilization by rejecting a Eurocentric view. While in his Commentaire royal
, published for the first time in France in 1633, de la Vega covered the history of the Inca rulers, here he gives an account of the conflicts that faced the Spanish colonists after their arrival in Peru. He tries to communicate the upheaval caused by these internal conflicts, both for the indigenous population and for the Spanish. In his notice to the reader, de la Vega explains that the Inca rulers had in fact succeeded in establishing an empire where “the Moral, Political, and Military Virtues” reigned. The arrival of the colonists and the execution of Atahualpa – the last independent Emperor – upset the established order and were seen as an expression of the “Ambition” and “Avarice” of these “new Armies”. De la Vega presents these events in a truly epic format, looking to give the reader a sense of the “divers players in this History, wonderfully entrancing & in which the Author has learned the roles in this Scene from the very principles who were their real-life Actors.” A continuation of his first major work on the History of the Incas, Kings of Peru
, the History of the Civil Wars of the Spanish in the Indies
gives the reader a sweeping overview of Peruvian history in the years following the conquest.
A very good copy of this highly significant work in the historiography of the Spanish conquest of Peru.