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Editorial

We too are Charlie

I am CharlieI am Charlie
The invention of printing is one of the most important victories of thought on ignorance and obscurantism.

D'Etienne Dolet Editions de Minuit, writers, publishers and printers together led the fight for the emancipation of nations. Our values, our ethics, our community of thought as our differences have been worn by the men and women who built our intellectual heritage. Through them, new ideas of yesterday have become a foundation on which to freely exercise our intelligence:

"Laughter is the nature of man" (Gargantua)

"It is that there is the danger for those who speak; and I am silent. "(Jacques the Fatalist and His Master)

"The true birthplace is one where we wore for the first time an intelligent look at yourself my first homelands have been books. "(The Memoirs of Hadrian)

"Vice is the most despairing of ignorance that thinks they know everything and that then allows to kill. "(The Plague)

"And by the power of a word / I am starting my life / I was born to know you / To name te / Liberty. "(At the appointment German)


Essays, novels, poetry, sacred or iconoclasts texts, apologies and pamphlets, are the "spiritual home" of humanity, with its major or sensitive works, his evidence and his mistakes.

By collecting first editions, bibliophile seeks to regain and maintain the origin of this thought, when she was courage before a force when she was a fragile thing that he was so simple to silence. Preserve and protect the record of that speech is also our responsibility to us, bibliophiles and booksellers.

In our libraries stands erect resistance yesterday which allowed the consciousness of today, the image of the humanist and international momentum of 11 January 2015. In this proximity, we, ordinary citizens can be proud and grateful.

For if we are CHARLIE Charlie Hebdo is Montaigne, Voltaire, Hugo, Zola, CAMUS, ELUARD ...

And all we can recognize ourselves in the founding document of our democracy, a luminous beauty, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Drafted and adopted on 10 December 1948 by the 58 member states that made ??up the General Assembly of the UN, it is inspired by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789, which itself s' based on the text of the complaint book of the Third Estate of Paris, a legacy of the Enlightenment ...
Pascal Antoine, Benjamin Urien, Gregory Bacou, Sibylle Pandolfi, Pauline Casano

*********

Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity of all members of the human family and of the equal and inalienable rights is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom terror and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of man.

Whereas it is essential that human rights should be protected by the rule of law so that man is not forced, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression.

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations.

Whereas in the Charter of the United Nations have reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women, and that they said they were determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full commitment.

The General Assembly proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, by progressive measures, national and international, the recognition and universal and effective both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.

Article
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
1.Chacun is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction as to race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion , national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
2.De addition, there shall be no distinction based on the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether that country or territory to be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

Article 6
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national courts against acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10
Everyone is entitled in full equality, that a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of the merits of any criminal charge against him .

Article 11
1. Everyone charged with a crime is presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial where all the guarantees necessary for his defense have been provided to him.
2. No one shall be held guilty of any act or omission which, at the time they were committed, did not constitute a penal offense, under national or international law. Similarly, no penalty shall be imposed stronger than one that was applicable at the time the penal offense was committed.

Article 12
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14
1. Before the persecution, everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum in other countries.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the UN.

Article 15
1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16
1. From the age of marriage, the man and woman, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They have equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17
1. Any person, alone as well as community, is entitled to the property.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom to manifest his religion or belief alone or in community with others and in public or private, in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom not to be to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information regardless of frontiers, information and ideas through any media whatsoever.

Article 20
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21
1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right to access under conditions of equality, to public service in his country.
3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be held periodically by universal and equal suffrage and by secret vote or by equivalent procedure ensuring freedom of voting.

Article 22
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security; is entitled to realization of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality, through national effort and international cooperation, taking into account the organization and resources of each country .

Article 23
1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone, without any discrimination, to equal pay for equal work.
3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if appropriate, by other means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to form unions with others and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services ; and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to help and a special assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made ??generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial or religious groups, and the development of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits that result.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28
Everyone has the right to a reign on the social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29
1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of his rights and in the enjoyment of freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and to of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the UN.

Article 30
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
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